Cardio-oncology refers to patients who require specialized cardiovascular care and individualized oncological treatment due to cardiovascular diseases. The role of the cardio oncologist is to properly qualify patients with cardiovascular diseases for surgery and/or chemotherapy. Cardio-oncology includes all activities in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular problems in cancer patients. Cardiovascular evaluation is essential when cardiac complications occur during anticancer treatment. The International Cardio-Oncology Society (ICOS International Cardio-Oncology Society) distinguishes 5 main categories of these events:
After completing oncological treatment with cardiotoxic potential, patients require long-term specialized surveillance due to the risk of developing late cardiovascular complications, especially heart failure, arrhythmias or ischemic disease.